Hannah, Noah, Mollie, and Josiah Carroll

rachel   September 22, 2013   Comments Off on Hannah, Noah, Mollie, and Josiah Carroll

On September 21, 1992, six year old Hannah Carroll died of severe bleach burns, which covered one third of her body and were left untreated for three days. Hannah, who had Down syndrome, was one of ten special needs children adopted by Kathleen and Timothy Carroll, a fundamentalist Christian homeschooling couple. In the three months after Hannah’s death, three more of the Carrolls’ adopted children died. One month old Chloe died shortly after being returned by court order to the adoption agency that had preliminarily placed her with the Carrolls, and her death was not included in future investigations. The remaining deaths were those of three year old Noah, who suffered seizures, and three year old Mollie, who had mental retardation and severe allergies. When it appeared that Mollie had been dead for 12 hours before her death was reported, officials temporarily removed the remaining Carroll children from the home, returning them shortly before Christmas.

In January 1993 Kathleen and Timothy Carroll pleaded guilty to child neglect in relation to Hannah’s death. They were placed on probation and prohibited from adopting more children without court permission. In June 1993, there was a fifth death: twelve year old Josiah, who had cerebral palsy. The county had an inquest in July where inconsistencies emerged between experts’ testimony and family members’ stories. A judge recused himself amid concerns that he had grown too close to the case.

In August, the couple’s eldest biological son, James, then 17, was charged with involuntary manslaughter; James had been the one supervising Hannah at the time she received the bleach burns that resulted in her death. A new judge ordered Samuel, then 5, and Isaiah, then 11, to be placed in foster care. In October the bodies of Mollie and Josiah were exhumed, and the deaths of both Hannah and Josiah were ruled homicides while the deaths of Noah and Mollie were ruled inconclusive.

In November, James was acquitted of all charges. Kathleen and Timothy immediately turned their attention to regaining custody of Samuel and Isaiah, and were eventually granted home visits. In June 1994, Isaiah implicated James in Josiah’s death. Home visits continued, but the judge ruled that James must not be present. In May 1995, after James had turned 18 and left home, Samuel and Isaiah were returned to the Carrolls. In October 1997, as a result of legal representation by the Home School Legal Defense Association, the Carrolls were allowed to resume homeschooling Samuel and Isaiah.

Date: September 21, 1992, through June 14, 1993
Location: Cedarville, Ohio

Documents: Date:
GIRL DIES AFTER TOYING WITH BLEACH 1992-09-23
GRIEF AFTER CHILD’S DEATH 1992-09-24
OFFICIALS SEEK MORE DATA ON DEATH OF GIRL 1992-09-26
JURY PROBES GIRL’S DEATH 1992-10-15
PARENTS OF DEAD GIRL INDICTED 1992-10-17
JUDGE ASKED TO THROW OUT INDICTMENT IN CHILD’S DEATH 1992-10-23
‘NOBODY BELIEVES US’ 1992-11-15
CEDARVILLE PAIR LOSES 3RD CHILD 1992-11-16
NATURAL CAUSES CITED IN 3-YEAR-OLD’S DEATH 1992-11-17
CEDARVILLE COUPLE SEE 4TH CHILD DIE 1992-12-10
PARENTS AWAIT CHILDREN’S FATE 1992-12-11
ADOPTION LIMITS MAY BE SET 1992-12-11
2 BOYS BACK HOME WITH CEDARVILLE PARENT 1992-12-12
ISSUES MUST BE FACED IN CARROLL CASE 1992-12-13
HOME FOR CHRISTMAS 1992-12-24
CEDARVILLE PAIR’S HEARING PUT OFF UNTIL JAN. 19 1993-01-09
HEARING TODAY TO DECIDE IF COUPLE WHOSE DAUGHTER DIED GO TO TRIAL 1993-01-19
CARROLLS PLEAD TO LESSER CHARGE, GET PROBATION 1993-01-20
CEDARVILLE FAMILY LOSES 5TH CHILD 1993-06-16
INQUEST SET FOR CEDARVILLE FAMILY 1993-06-22
LAWYER TOLD DEPUTIES TO LEAVE CARROLL DEATH SCENE 1993-06-23
INQUEST POSTPONED IN CEDARVILLE DEATHS 1993-06-26
INQUEST INTO CEDARVILLE CHILDREN’S DEATHS SET TO BEGIN 1993-07-24
INQUEST POINTS TO BUSY HOME FOR HANDICAPPED 1993-07-28
EXPERTS CAST DOUBT ON CARROLLS’ STORY 1993-07-29
GIRL TRIED TO PROTECT SELF 1993-07-30
JUDGE STEPS ASIDE 1993-07-31
INQUEST RAISES MORE CONCERN ABOUT CARROLLS 1993-08-01
WE MUST FIND A WAY TO PROTECT CHILDREN 1993-08-01
PROFILE OF THE CARROLL FAMILY 1993-08-01
CORONER ORDERS CARROLLS TO TESTIFY 1993-08-03
CARROLLS MAY LOSE CHILDREN 1993-08-04
TIME TO GET THE KIDS OUT OF THE CARROLL HOUSE 1993-08-04
JUVENILE CHARGED IN DEATH 1993-08-06
PEOPLE NEED AN EXPLANATION FROM JUDGE ON CARROLL DECISION 1993-08-07
JUDGE LETS CARROLLS KEEP CHILDREN 1993-08-07
CARROLL QUESTIONS LINGER 1993-08-09
GREENE JUDGE EXPLAINS DECISION ON CARROLLS 1993-08-10
CARROLL CASE OPTION URGED 1993-08-14
A VIEW FROM THE COURTHOUSE LOBBY 1993-08-18
CARROLLS LOSE 2 CHILDREN 1993-08-18
CARROLLS CHALLENGE ORDER 1993-08-24
GREENE COUNTY RESPONDS TO CARROLLS’ MOVE FOR WRIT 1993-08-25
CARROLL BOY FAINTS DURING VISITATION 1993-08-27
CARROLLS TO TRY AGAIN TO REGAIN 2 BOYS 1993-08-28
2 CARROLL CHILDREN TO STAY IN FOSTER CARE FOR NOW 1993-08-31
DEATH CALLED HOMICIDE 1993-09-02
DEATH CASE TWISTS 1993-09-09
JUDGE TO GET NEW PLAN FOR CARROLL CHILDREN 1993-09-10
JUDGE WON’T ALTER STATUS OF CARROLLS 1993-09-11
EXHUMATIONS PUT ON HOLD 1993-09-30
PREBLE JUDGE CONSIDERING CARROLL EXHUMATIONS 1993-10-09
AUTHORITIES TO EXHUME CHILDREN 1993-10-13
CARROLLS WIN DELAY OF EXHUMATIONS 1993-10-15
GREENE PROSECUTOR APPEALS EXHUMATION DELAY 1993-10-16
2 BODIES OF CHILDREN EXHUMED 1993-10-19
‘IT’S JUST WRONG,’ ADOPTIVE MOM SAYS OF EXHUMATION 1993-10-20
EXHUMED BODIES ADEQUATE FOR TESTING, PROSECUTOR SAYS 1993-10-21
SON FACES 5 MORE CHARGES 1993-10-26
NEW JUDGE SOUGHT IN CARROLL CASE 1993-10-28
EXPERT QUESTIONS STORY 1993-11-02
CARROLL’S DEFENSE RESTS 1993-11-03
CARROLL SON ACQUITTED 1993-11-04
CARROLLS SEEK CUSTODY 1993-11-23
CUSTODY FIGHT ‘RELIGIOUS WAR,’ CARROLLS SAY 1993-11-24
2ND DEATH OF CARROLL CHILD RULED HOMICIDE 1993-11-25
CARROLLS: GIVE BACK CHILDREN 1993-11-27
CUSTODY DECISION STILL UP IN THE AIR 1993-11-28
2 CARROLLS STAY IN FOSTER CARE 1993-12-07
NEWS COVERAGE UNFAIR, CARROLL TELLS AUDIENCE 1993-12-18
CARROLLS TRY TO REGAIN CUSTODY OF 2 CHILDREN 1994-04-30
CARROLLS TO GET HOME VISITS WITH KIDS 1994-05-19
CARROLLS’ WISH COMES TRUE TODAY 1994-05-20
BOY SAW SLAYING, HE TELLS 1994-06-14
CARROLLS SEEK TO INTERVIEW ACCUSING CHILD 1994-06-15
ISAIAH CARROLL’S LIFE IS IMPONDERABLE 1994-06-22
SPEECH THERAPIST TO INTERVIEW BOY, TESTIFY IN START OF CARROLL TRIAL 1994-06-30
THERAPIST CONDUCTS INTERVIEW 1994-07-01
JUDGE TO LET CARROLLS TALK TO ACCUSING SON 1994-07-06
GREENE JUDGE OKS SOME CARROLLS’ VISIT WITH ADOPTED SON 1994-07-07
PROSECUTOR TELLS CARROLLS: NO MORE PICTURES 1994-07-27
JUDGE ALLOWS PICTURES OF FOSTER KIDS 1994-07-30
CARROLL FAMILY CUSTODY CASE BACK IN COURT 1994-11-28
CARROLLS GET 2 FOR HOLIDAYS 1994-11-29
PROSECUTOR TO CONTINUE PROBE OF CARROLL DEATH 1994-11-30
CARROLL CASE NOT EXACTLY ONE OF A KIND 1994-11-30
CARROLL SON MEETS WITH GRAND JURY 1994-12-01
OFFICIAL SAYS CARROLLS CLOSE TO GETTING SONS 1994-12-20
2 CHILDREN RETURNED TO CARROLLS’ CUSTODY 1995-05-19
JUDGE SAYS RULING WILL BE SPEEDY 1995-07-08
NO HOME-SCHOOLING FOR 2 DISABLED BOYS, JUDGE TELLS FAMILY 1995-08-10
CARROLLS’ CRUSADE CONTINUES 1996-04-03
CARROLLS WILL HOME-SCHOOL DISABLED SONS 1997-10-21